You can find an incredibly rich set of resources here that includes articles, curriculum materials, videos, Blogs from industry experts, online discussion forums, Job Postings, Training Listings, the most detailed listing of outdoor adventure providers on the Web and more! Thanks for being a part of the Outdoor Ed Community
Outdoor Ed Store
Outdoor Ed Community
The Recreation Law Center
The Outdoor Ed Community is the online Social Networking site for outdoor professionals where you can interact colleagues and peers from around the world.
Outdoor Ed offers the best source for outdoor professionals to find careers and for employers to find great staff. We also host the largest online directory of companies and schools offering outdoor and experiential education programs and degrees. You can search for specific jobs, companies or schools.
From Wilderness First Aid courses to rock climbing certifications, this is your source for finding professional training.
The Outdoor Ed Community is where you can interact with other outdoor professionals.
by Paul Auerbach
Our National Parks are
a treasured heritage, and one of the ways in which we appreciate the outdoors.
Millions of visitors flock to the parks in order to camp, hike, climb, swim and
most of all, appreciate the wonder and natural beauty of America. As with any
other outdoor setting, there are risks of injuries and illnesses. A recent
cluster of cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome apparently originating from
Curry Village in Yosemite National Park this summer points this out.
Hantaviruses (such as
the sin nombre virus) cause a syndrome characterized by a combination of fever,
lung failure, kidney failure, shock, and bleeding. The viruses are spread in
the excreta of rodents; in the United States, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
(HPS) has been linked to the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) and white-footed
leucopus), as well as to the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) and rice rat (Oryzomys
palustris). The animals shed the virus in saliva, urine, and feces.
Aerosols are the most likely route of transmission from rodents to humans.
Insect bites have not yet been implicated in transmission. The virus found in
the U.S. is not known to cause human-to-human transmission.
The deer mouse is a
creature that is adept at squeezing through very small openings. In the case of
Curry Village at Yosemite, mouse nests have been found in the wall spaces of
tent cabins, and mice have tested positive for the virus from around the park.
HPS has been reported in most
states west of the Mississippi River, as well as in a few eastern states. In
Louisiana and Florida, two hantavirus species, bayou virus and Black Creek
virus, have been identified. A person infected by the virus has an incubation
period of 1 to 6 weeks after exposure,
and then suffers from fever, muscle aches, headache, cough, dizziness,
abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and diarrhea for a few days; this is
followed by difficulty breathing, mottled skin on the limbs, shock, and,
sometimes, bleeding. In the U.S., approximately a third of victims die.
victims have had an interaction with rodents, such as when cleaning a barn or
capturing the animals. Unfortunately, there is not yet any specific therapy
beyond supportive care. Because a person with hantavirus infection may become
seriously ill at a rapid rate, it is important to promptly bring any suspected
victim to medical care.
To avoid unnecessary exposure to hantavirus, it is recommended that
wilderness enthusiasts observe the following precautions:
Reprinted with permission from Healthline.com
Connect & Share